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【经管院每周系列第331期】Social Ties, Social Support, and Group Comparison: Psychological Wellbeing of Rural Migrants in China

([西财新闻] 发布于 :2018-03-09 )

  Social Ties, Social Support, and Group Comparison: Psychological Wellbeing of Rural Migrants in China

主讲人:西安交通大学 李树茁教授

主持人: 西南财经大学经济与管理研究院   许冰副教授

时 间: 201839日(周五)下午2:00-3:30

地 点: 西南财经大学柳林校区通博楼309

 

主讲人简介:

李树茁,现任西安交通大学公共政策和管理学院教授,博士生导师,人口与发展研究所所长,人口与社会政策研究中心主任,老龄与健康研究中心联合主任,斯坦福大学人口与资源研究所兼职教授。研究领域(方向)为人口与社会可持续发展,公共政策分析与评价。

内容提要:

The dominant perspective of migration literature suggests that social networks facilitate the process of migrant adaptation However, most studies on migrant psychological well-being that draw on the social network approach are limited in three aspects. First, most studies do not differentiate network members as local or migrant. Second, studies tend to focus on network size, but recent studies argue that maintaining larger social networks does not necessarily lead to increased social support. Finally, some studies argue that the positive effect of social networks on the psychological well-being of migrants may be washed away by the negative effect of the migrants’ social comparison with their reference group. Using data from a recent study conducted in 2016 in Guangzhou, we address these limitations by considering simultaneously the network effects, perceived social support, and perceived social comparison. We further differentiate network members into local and migrant members. The study shows that social support and social comparison are important factors in shaping the psychological well-being of rural migrants in Guangzhou, China. After all, people move away from home to seek better opportunities. If things do not work out and they think their social status is the same as that of the previous generation or not as good as that of local residents, they feel disappointed, which may affect their psychological well-being. The extent to which social support can buffer this negative relationship is limited.


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