Title: Legal Entitlement and Bargaining Power of Marriage Immigrants in Korea
Speaker: Hanol Lee, RIEM, Southwestern University of Finance of Economics
Time: 14:00-15:30, September 15 , Friday
Venue: H503, Liulin Campus
Abstract: The fraction of marriages between South Korean men and marriage immigrants from other Asian countries has increased sharply since 1990, reaching approximately 10% of new marriages in 2005. We employ a census data of these marriage immigrants collected in 2009 to investigate the impact of acquisition of Korean nationality on bargaining power and empowerment of those brides in the household and in labor market. We employ regression kink design which exploits two-year conditional residence for marriage migrants who apply for Korean nationality. Our results show that marriage immigrants’ legal entitlements increase their chances of being hired and decrease experience of discrimination. Their legal stability also allows them to wield decision power in the household by increasing expenses inviting origin family or decreasing possibility to live law in parents. We also found out that legal entitlement increases number of brides who divorce/separate with their Korean spouse. The findings in this paper imply that the legal status is an important determinant of the bargaining power of marriage immigrants.